the platform economy. This has led to a number of initiatives, for instance by the G20, the European Commission and, in the Netherlands, the Dutch House of Representatives and the Authority for Consumers & Markets (ACM). We are now standing on the cross-roads in terms of how we want to master the good, the bad and the ugly of the platform economy. Will we focus on boosting the good by stimulating th ONLINE PLATFORM ECONOMY regulation Professor of EU Law, College of Europe* Abstract This paper makes the case that there is a need to regulate the activities of online platforms at EU level, especially when it comes to the precarious position of their workers. It describes the vulnerable nature of (much) online platform work, it links the challenges to those present for other types of atypical. TO PLATFORMS The response to these impacts for many financial services firms is to enter the platform economy. The term platform economy inherently implies ease, convenience, personalization and all things as-a-service. More importantly, it focuses on integration with multiple partners in the ecosystem. Put simply, it' We are entering a Platform Economy; one in which tools and frameworks based upon the power of the internet will frame and channel our economic and social lives. The algorithmic revolution, an application of an array of computable algorithms to a myriad of activities from consumption and leisure to services and manufacturing, is the foundation of this digital transformation. i Now algorithms. form economy in which the operators of digital platforms take over the customer interface and control the interplay of supply and demand through algorithm-based matching systems. In addition to the loss of the customer interface, the increasing data power of the platform operators and the risks of conﬂict
The platform economy is that portion of the economy composed of digital platforms enabling users to share, lend, rent or purchase goods and services. Highly profitable ventures such as Uber and Airbnb are examples of the phenomenon, as are also non-profit Zpure sharing [ platforms. The platform economy is found to display several unresolved theoretical and regulatory questions, for which there. More than 30% of global economic activity — some $60 trillion — could be mediated by digital platforms in six years' time, according to a McKinsey research report, and yet experts estimate only 3% of established companies have adopted an effective platform strategy Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER. A Legal Analysis of the Platform Economy. Download . A Legal Analysis of the Platform Economy. Guido Smorto. About Dimmons and authorsDimmons is a research group part of the Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3) at the Open University of Catalonia (UOC). The central. Part I presents background pieces on the economics of multi-sided platforms and industries in which these platforms are common. Part II examines the antitrust economics of two-sided markets including the difficult problem of defining the boundaries of competition. Part III comprises several papers that apply two-sided market analysis to web-based businesses. Part IV does the same for payment cards which is the industry that attracted much of the early two-sided analysis — in.
The platform economy is economic and social activity facilitated by platforms. Such platforms are typically online matchmakers or technology frameworks. By far the most common type are transaction platforms, also known as digital matchmakers. Examples of transaction platforms include Amazon, Airbnb, Uber, and Baidu the Platform Economy . STUDY . Abstract. This study investigates the social protection of workers in the platform economy at the request of the European Parliament's Employment and Social Affairs Committee. The report reviews literature and previous research on the platform platform economy, where different levels and departments of government are involved. Based on their work for eight EU countries, De Groen et al. (2017) find that government responses to the platform economy are generally narrow in scope, reactive and concentrated on dealing with side effects rather than attempting to reap potential benefits. This is an interesting point, in light o Chapter I · Control of abusive practices in the digital platform economy 5 1 Introduction 45. Digitisation has led to accelerations in all areas of life.1 That includes the possibility of performing business transactions considerably faster than before. However, it has become apparent that markets can also be damaged more quickly. Particularly in connection with platform -based business models, durable dominant positions may b May 2019 - Market Definition and Market Power in the Platform Economy 6/93 Executive summary Platforms play a central role as facilitators of interactions and transactions between users. The value of the services they offer often not only depends on the inherent service features provided to the users but is also, and possibly primarily, determined by whether and how often other users are.
Abstract The emergence of the platform economy is reorganizing work, employment, and value creation. The authors argue that the digital platforms are fracturing work itself as the places and types of work are being reorganized into a myriad of platform organized work arrangements with workplaces being potentially anywhere with Internet connectivity size of the platform economy in large part because of measurement issues. In this paper, we define platforms, typologies and related definitions and classifications, describe drivers of value creation and capture in platforms, and discuss policy implications. These frameworks can lead to estimating the turnover, purchases, employment costs and marketing expenditures of platforms (especially.
Digital Economy. Geoffrey G. Parker is a professor of management science at Tulane University and is a fellow at the MIT Center for Digital Business. He will be a professor of engineering at Dartmouth College, effective July 2016. Sangeet Paul Choudary is the founder and CEO of Platform Thinking Labs and an entrepreneur-in-residence at INSEAD. They are the authors of Platform Revolution (W.W. Open PDF in Browser. Add Paper to My Library. Share: Permalink . Using these links will ensure access to this page indefinitely. Copy URL. Platform Economics: Essays on Multi-Sided Businesses. PLATFORM ECONOMICS: ESSAYS ON MULTI-SIDED BUSINESSES, David S. Evans, ed., Competition Policy International, 2011. 459 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2011. See all articles by David S. Evans David S. Evans. Global.
Developing and matching skills in the online platform economy Findings on new forms of digital work and learning from Cedefop's CrowdLearn study 6. Conclusions and reflections for policy and further research 60 6.1. Platform work and labour market integration 60 6.1.1. Overcoming entry barriers for newcomers via 'subsidised micro internships The platform economy is remarkable as it confirms Polanyi's (and Marx's before him) insight that the reach of the market is based upon increased commodification as it has been able to reach into ever more parts of social life. Similarly, these digital platform firms built upon the already existing communication networks - especially through the smartphone. They have been able to extend. platform economy. The past few decades have seen an increase in the use of 'nonstandard' forms of - work, such as casual work, oncall work, temporary agency work, informal work and dependent self- - employment. Many of the working arrangements set up by the online platforms coincide with, or closely resemble, these forms of atypical work or a mixture thereof, sometimes with the only.
The platform economy's rapid growth attests to its value to both individual consumers and business clients. However, it has also attracted considerable controversy. Platform com - panies have been subject to lawsuits in various countries, notably over workers' employment status, and in some cas-es their right to operate has even come into question. The fundamental polarization lies over. Turnover in the Online Platform Economy is high Non-employed are key participants for labor platforms. 3 The growth of the Online Platform Economy (OPE) has been contributing to the changing nature of work. With more than four percent of adults earning income by selling goods or services through platforms that connect them directly to customers, and many more participating in other forms of. 6 Platforms and Ecosystems: Enabling the Digital Economy Executive summary Digital platforms are expanding across economies, reshaping the business models of a wide range of industries, from finance and healthcare to media and retail, while creating fundamentally new divisions of public and private responsibility. The companies driving this trend are diverse and disparate. Some are start‑ups. platform economy, where different levels and departments of government are involved. Based on their work for eight EU countries, De Groen et al. (2017) find that government responses to the platform economy are generally narrow in scope, reactive and concentrated on dealing with side effects rather than attempting to reap potential benefits. This is an interesting point, in light of the. ISBN 978-92-2-031025- (web pdf) ISBN 978-92-2-031026-7 (epub) ILO Cataloguing in Publication Data The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country, area or.
platform economy - significance and classification of platforms within the overall economy Prof Dr Jan Marco Leimeister, University of Kassel Introductory welcome and live-interview Senator for Integration, Labour and Social Services, Berlin, Elke Breitenbach Panel discussion: Platform work in international and European comparison Stefan Olsson, Directorate General Employment, Social. View deloitte-cn-dttp-vol7-ch6-platform-economy-en.pdf from ECONOMICS MISC at American School of Technology. Industry Trend New Governance of the Platform Economy With the rapid development o economy platforms do have a considerable self-regulatory effect; however, adequate protection for the users (health and safety, asset security, quality problems) is not assured in every case when it comes to events or faults that cannot be foreseen. 8 | In most cases the legislature is still unready for the sharing economy companies that are already present in several countries and have a. The aim here is to set these platforms in the context of a larger economic history, understand them as means to generate profit, and outline some of the tendencies they produce as a result. In part, this book is a synthesis of existing work. The discussion in Chapter 1 should be familiar to economic historians, as it outlines the various crises that have laid the groundwork for today's post.
Platforms are creating new rules for economic activity: • growth and size are more important than short-term profitability; • the direct interface to customers and manufacturers provides the new players with considerable market clout and an information lead. The markets are dominated by American and to a certain extent Asian internet services. They are currently conquering one analogue. In economics, platforms are known as two-sided or multi-sided markets where two or more types of users are brought together by a platform to facilitate an exchange or a transaction. Users can be buyers and sellers, advertisers, software developers, social media users, etc. Offline platforms have existed for millennia, for instance as village markets. Online platforms thrive on the dramatic. platform economy and on how to deal with labour transformations after Covid-19 outbreak. Considering the ongoing very unpredictable situation, the observations contained in the report should be considered as explorative to further investigations. In any case, we would suggest to avoid framing Covid-19 outbreak in 2020 as outstanding event clearly dividing what occurred before from what will. Work in the platform economy: Deliveroo riders in Belgium and the SMart arrangement This paper presents a case study of the food delivery platform, Deliveroo, in Belgium in 2016-2018. The case offers insights on the nature of platform work, the workers who perform it, the preferences of workers, the strategy of the platforms, and the role of local regulations. Interestingly, Deliveroo in.
European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform (ECESP) Coordination Group Leadership Group on Economic incentives Orientation paper Lead: Ecopreneur Participants: EEB, BusinessEurope, IRCEM, FEAD, WMRC, MWE, INEC, Ecoembes August 2020. 3 Background Low-carbon circular business models are hampered by many obstacles, including three structural and systemic ones: lack of demand for low-carbon. Information Systems and Platform Economy as tenured civil servant to be filled next possible date. The successful candidate will represent the field of Information Systems with a focus on platform economy in research and teaching. The applicant should have recognition in two or more of the following research areas: Competition, cooperation, and innovation in digital markets and platforms, and. A) DEFINING THE PLATFORM ECONOMY Most readers will be familiar with leading platform economy operators. An ever-growing number of start-ups are setting up online platforms and mobile 'apps' to connect consumers, businesses, and workers - often for jobs lasting no longer than a few minutes. What started out as a small niche fo the Online Platform Economy between October 2012 and March 2018. The JPMorgan Chase Institute Online Platform Economy dataset We deﬁned four distinct sectors in the Online Platform Economy: Transportation drivers transporting people or goods Non-transport work workers oering services such as dog walking, home repair or telemedicine Leasin platform economy As they pioneer new ways of working and making a living on-platform, these new workers will demand new policies, inspire new designs, and collaborate in bottom-up strategies to create a new labor economy— a global platform economy. = The number of freelancers who earn 10 percent or more of their income o
The platform economy is growing in the UK with more people earning through platforms and more transactions taking place through them. This raises questions over how best to tax their income, to ensure that platform workers know what their tax liabilities are and can engage with the tax authorities in as streamlined and simple way as possible Title: Platform Logic: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Platformâ•'Based Economy Author: LocalAdmin Created Date: 1/29/2020 11:14:11 A platform economy democratises the generation of income, oﬀers more ﬂexible opportunities and income generation methods, and facilitates access to work. Nevertheless, it also brings new challenges to workers: more job insecurity and volatility, and less accumulation of skills. The document Platform Economy: ¿What is i 'online platform ecosystems' and the competition between them. The paper focuses on the following categories of platforms, which represent a wide scope of online activities: (i) e-commerce marketplaces; (ii) app stores; (iii) social media; and (iv) online advertising platforms. A central concern is to provide descriptive, empirical evidence o integrative platform by KAMPF Quelle: Studie Plattformökonomie im Maschinenba
task platforms, wherein businesses and other clients have access to a large, flexible workforce (crowd) who are geographically dispersed around the world to undertake short, simple and mostly clerical tasks and are remunerated on the basis of task or piec incentives of both drivers and passengers. On the other hand, these platforms support high temporal-resolution for data collection and pricing - this requires stochastic models that capture the dynamics of drivers and passengers in the system. In this paper we build a queueing-theoretic economic model to study optimal platform pricing. In particular, we focu the economy. In the platform economy costs are reduced not by management but via digital platforms— technology. Therefore, one of the hallmarks of the platform economy is the creation of markets where they did not exist through increased matching and the spread of platform-based businesses (Cusumano, Gawer and Yoffie, 2019). A question that has received less attention is how the ITR has affected the organization of the firm. I The world is going through a new economic revolution, disrupting the economy, businesses, labour markets and our daily lives in a way not seen since the industrial revolution. Driven by technological innovations and increased online connectivity, the role of digital labour market matching is rising. At the heart of this change is the rise of the platform economy
platform economy is facing.I argue that the regulatory challenges can be divided into easy and hard cases: on one end of the spectrum, regulatory restrictions that operate as barriers to entry, including permitting, occupational licensing, and rate controls are easy casesbecause their damaging effects in hindering the rise of the platform is direct. On the other end stand taxation requirements. Platform Revolution Networked Transforming Economy... DLSCRIB - Free, Fast and Secure. Home. Platform Revolution Networked Transforming Economy and 0393249131. Platform Revolution Networked Transforming Economy and 0393249131. Click the start the download. DOWNLOAD PDF . Report this file. Description Platform Revolution Networked Transforming Economy Account 126.96.36.199. Login. Register. platform charges and the number of applications provided by developers. As Figure 1a shows, the closed Apple platform is able to charge higher prices for the core platform, giving Apple much higher margins. By contrast, Figure 1b shows that the more open Android platform has attracted more applications development. The number of Android apps passe economy. The results of this conference are reflected in this study. Platform cooperativism is possible, and it is necessary, but it is by no means inevitable. The current owners of online platforms are willing to offer us seemingly everything except ownership. It is time for us to instead create an online economy based in democracy and solidarity McKinsey forecasted that 30% of all global economic activity ($60 trillion) will be mediated by platforms and ecosystems in 10 years time. Yet, only 3% of established companies worldwide have.
The terms platform economy and plat-form worker have been chosen because they are relatively neutral, in contrast to the misleadingly benign or altruistic-sounding sharing economy or the dismissive gig econ-omy. The word platform also usefully serves to highlight the legal precarity of worker Platform Economy The application of big data, new algorithms, and cloud computing will change the nature of work and the structure of the economy. But the exact nature of that change will be determined by the social, political, and business choices we make. A digital platform economy is emerging. Companies such as Amazon, Etsy Platform economy as an element of flexibility 268 3.1. Platform work is an endurance test for social protection 268 3.2. Flexibility versus certainty 269 3.3. Time flexibility and the freedom to work or not to work 270 4. Shifts in Belgian social security 272 4.1. Social security shifts due to increasing forms of more unstable employment 272 4.1.1. Worn-out debate: employed or self-employed. platforms are becoming key drivers of internal business innovation and external collaboration. Monetization strategies are beginning to gel and software developers have clout. When you examine the largest global platforms, you discover several super-major platforms— such as Apple, Google, Microsoft, and Faceboo sharing economy platforms such as Airbnb ,  or BlaBlaCar . In view of the ever-increasing importance of platform business models and the emergence of C2C platforms with private individuals in the role of providers, online reputation and user representation are charged with particular meaning. Personal aspects and individual characteristics are essential to many C2C platforms and.
. The digital economy is characterised by an interplay of these different aspects within a process which can lead to the emergence of new positions of power, their perpetual reinforcemen 2020 Democratic Party Platform T he pr opos e d pl at f or m w as c ons i de r e d by t he 2020 P l at f or m C om m i t t e e at i t s m e e t i ng on J ul y 27, 2020, and i s r e c om m e nde d f or appr ov al by t he de l e gat e s Platform businesses bring together producers and consumers in high-value exchanges. Their chief assets are information and interactions, which together are also the source of the value they create.
and Roland Berger investigated the platform economy in the German mechanical and plant engineering sector. The 15 VDMA members that took part in a series of workshops and discussions include firms of all sizes and at every link in the value chain - from midcaps to blue chips, from traditional mechanical and plant engineering companies to providers of factory automation and software solutions. Collective agreements in the Nordic platform economy Platform Status & nature of the agreement Hilfr (cleaning), Denmark Cleaning platform Hilfr and 3F Private Service, Hotel and Restaurant signed an agreement in April 2018.15 This is a trial agreement whereby the providers of work can decide themselves, when they have worked more than 100 hours, if they want to be employees or self-employed. The Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE) This report is published as part of the Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE). PACE is a public-private collaboration mechanism and project accelerator dedicated to bring-ing about the circular economy at speed and scale. It brings together a coalition of more than 5
Work in the platform economy: Deliveroo riders in Belgium and the SMart arrangement. This paper presents a case study of the food delivery platform, Deliveroo, in Belgium in 2016-2018. The case offers insights on the nature of platform work, the workers who perform it, the preferences of workers, the strategy of the platforms, and the role of local. Open PDF in Browser. Add Paper to My Library. Share: Permalink. Using these links will ensure access to this page indefinitely . Copy URL. Copy DOI. Assessing Abuse of Dominance in the Platform Economy: A Case Study of App Stores. European Competition Journal 2020, Vol. 16(2-3), 431-491. 47 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2020 Last revised: 18 Dec 2020. See all articles by Friso Bostoen Friso Bostoen. KU. the interoperability of digital platforms in all sectors of the economy and society to offer convergent services. For example, digital traffic can cross between telecommunications and banking networks - such as in the case of payments apps running on India's Unified Payments Interface, which enable funds transfers among customers and merchants using various mobile network service providers. Digital platforms play a central role in the economy and our everyday lives. Their rapid development since the birth of the public commercial internet over 20 years ago has produced many societal benefits and new opportunities for free expression and innovation. Each platform has distinct characteristics, but in recent years specific concerns have grown around their dominance in the.
.d Three Lessons From Germany's Platform Economy. Platform markets are suddenly all the rage with B2B companies. And for good reason. Svenja Falk and Frank Riemensperger August 05, 2019 Reading Time: 7 min . Topics. Innovation; Strategy; Business Models; Platforms & Ecosystems; Frontiers. An MIT SMR initiative exploring how technology is reshaping the practice of management. See All Articles in. The gig economy goes by many names and has many variants, such as 'platform economy' and 'peer -to-peer economy', and has been the subject of much controversy in European media over the last few years. The gig economy, however, has a lot of potential and is still at a very early stage of development. The allure of the gig economy shouldn't come as a surprise; for individuals, the gig. Platform Economy WHY WOMEN AND THE PLATFORM ECONOMY? By 2022, an estimated 60 percent of global economic activity will be performed digitally. 1 Economic opportunities are increasingly mediated by online platforms: in 2018, an analysis found that the market value of just the largest global platforms to be worth more than $7 trillion. 2 Th
The Rise of Digital Platforms - Opportunities and Threats for UK and European Businesses Executive Briefing, February 2016, The Shard, London Businesses pred.. estimate participation in the platform economy, deﬁned as including both labour platforms and capital platforms such as Airbnb. They found that roughly 1 percent of adults in the sample had earned income from the platform economy in each month, and that this ﬁgure had grown over 10-fold from 2013 to 2015. These are useful statistics and the methodology is reliable and repeatable, though. GCC sharing economy platforms, which generated an estimated $1.7 billion in revenues for these platforms.2 On the demand side, it has improved the access to, and increased the use of, underutilized assets through online or mobile-based platforms. Sharing economy platforms facilitate the sharing (such as renting or purchasing) of goods, services, time, capital, experiences, and space. Economy company owns both the platform and the good that is shared. 2.2 Drivers of the Sharing Economy Technology is the main driver of the Sharing Economy. It makes economic activities easier and it makes them cheaper by reducing transaction costs. These occur for example when consumers and suppliers search for each other, negotiate the conditions of the transaction and check whether the good. start-ups, and private services via digital platforms. And the potential of digital financial services remains untapped despite the large share of unbanked population. To deliver on the 2030 aspirations of greater access to the digital economy and meet the bold objective of creating 100 million jobs in Nigeria, the country needs t
The platform economy, sometimes also referred to as the sharing economy, challenges incumbents in many traditional markets. It also challenges conventional approaches to the definition of work and the way that value is created. Digital platforms combine the physical foundation of the Internet, together with web services and advanced analytics, to create an infrastructure across which entire. Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik: Peopl
The platform economy has become even more critical during the COVID-19 global pandemic. According to the Accenture COVID-19 Consumer Report conducted in April 2020, consumers have greatly increased their usage of the platforms during the pandemic.1 Visitors to Amazon's website hit 2.54 billion for the month of March 2020, a 65% jump compared to the same period in 2019. The Walmart Grocery. . The report is divided into four chapters. The first chapter sets out the background to the sharing and gig economy and the role of online platforms. The second chapter provides some examples of current. three broader impacts of the platform economy on structures of informality in India. Addressing underemployment By aggregating demand and supply for work, digital work platforms can enable workers' access to opportunities for paid-work. By enabling more hours of paid-work, and thereby offering the possibility of Summary. 9 increased earnings, digital work platforms could contribute both.